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Thrush in the Food Pipe (Esophageal Candida)

What Causes Thrush in the food pipe? (Esophagus Candida)

Thrush in the food pipe is caused by same fungal infection called “yeast” what’s found in the vaginal fungal infection, which is seen as whitish patches in the gullet, it causes irritation, swallowing difficulties and reflux like symptoms, also called dyspepsia ( indigestion).

When your immune system is weak, it causes opportunistic infections like fungal infections in different parts of the body, commonly seen with following conditions like Diabetes, using steroids to treat either asthma, COPD or any other conditions, also seen in HIV and other immunosuppressive conditions.

What makes a best colonoscopist?

Caecal intubation and adenoma detection rates (ADRs) are benchmarks of colonoscopy qualityColonoscopy

Procedure related comfort is very important quality indicator from patient prospective, Dr Chandra Puli at Gastroclinics implements novel technique called suction Colonoscopy, instead of pushing the scope, we practice by sucking the length of the colon over the scope, due to this technique, patients has good experience and feel comfortable. This is audited on National Endoscopy Database. At Gastroclinics, Dr Chandra Puli performs an average of more than 60 colonoscopies per week and his completion rates as per NEDS, National Endoscopy Database is over 98%.


What is FIT test?.

FIT means Faecal Immunochemical test, which is a human blood test in the stool, if FIT is positive, you will be invited to investigate your GI tract for loss blood conditions like polyps and Cancer.Cancers

Does FIT TEST rule out cancers in my colon?

what are false positives with FIT test?


Stomach Cancer

What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?Early Cancer / Polyp Removals

  1. Feeling full on eating small quantity of food, also called early satiety
  2. abdominal pain
  3. vomiting blood
  4. Weight loss

What are the causes of stomach cancer?EUS

  1. Smoking
  2. Helicobacter infection – H Pylori
  3. Non healing stomach ulcer
  4. Genetics
  5. medication
  6. being overweight or obese
  7. alcohol


CONSTIPATION is a common symptom and effects all age group.

What are the causes of constipation?

often no obvious cause, but

  1. Not eating enough fibre, not drinking enough water, lack of exercise, side effect of medicine, stress and anxiety

When to see a specialist?

not improving with treatment

blood in the stool with constipation

feel tired all the time


what are the complications with long term constipation?

faecal impaction- where poo has built up in the last part of the colon called rectum.

How can you treat a faecal impaction?

stronger laxatives

a suppository- medicine you place in your bottom

Enema- where fluid Is passed through your bottom, into your bowel

health professionals removing some of the poo

What tests can you do for constipation?

Thorough history is important, not all constipation’s are same, some develop after an illness, some after some medication, during pregnancy, menopause, old age and after abdominal surgeries

blood tests- thyroid, other metabolic problems


colonic transit studies- simple test involving an X-ray , which shows the speed of passage through the bowel.

Anorectal physiology testing and proctography.Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Colonoscopy and Abdominal Pain.

Most people experience abdominal pain and other terms used for abdominal pain include stomach ache, tummy ache and belly ache.

seek help if you have accompanied by other signs and symptoms including:

severe pain, fever, bloody stools, nausea and vomiting, weight loss, jaundice, tenderness when u press on stomach, swelling of the tummy.

Causes of abdominal pain are multiple depending on which part of stomach is causing the symptoms, so a specialist for diagnosis.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome